What is Mexican Yarn art?

Nierikas (pronounced Near-eeka) are traditional yarn paintings made by the Huichol people. Natural glue, made from tree resin and beeswax, is applied to a board, and yarn is pressed into it and left to harden. The designs and symbols on the Nierikas are based on their myths, stories and personal daily activities.

How do you make Huichol yarn art?

Making a Yarn Painting

Huichol paintings are made with beeswax spread on wood, then left to warm in the sun. The artist then scratches his design into the wax with a sharpened stick. The lines of the drawing are then filled in by patiently twisting and coiling colored yarns.

What Indians of Mexico make yarn paintings?

They are best known to the larger world as the Huichol; however, they refer to themselves as Wixáritari in their native Huichol language. Like other indigenous people, the Huichol survived the Spanish Conquest of Mexico and their population today is about 18,000.

What does Huichol art represent?

The Huichol art is a form of writing, as through the creations, the Huichol tell us their stories and myths. In each Huichol crafts leave a piece of your life. Currently, one can say that no other ethnic group in Mexico that conserve so deeply their beliefs, cults and traditions as the Huichol.

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Where does Huichol art come from?

Huichol Yarn Painting comes from the Huichol (pronounced “wee chol”) Indian people, who live in western Mexico in the Sierra Madre mountain range. The yarn paintings traditionally depict Huichol myths and ceremonies, but modern works can represent stories of today’s world.

What is a yarn painting?

Yarn paintings are literally what they sound like, paintings made of yarn. Originally yarn paintings were from the Huichol Native Americans. … The Huichol had different ways of doing this but developed a unique way of using dyed yarn and resin to make pictures. We will do this but use store bought yarn and glue instead.

Where do the Huichol live?

Most Huichol Indians live in central northwest Mexico, in the Sierra Madre Occidental Mountains. Their territory is located roughly 60 miles east of San Blas on the Pacific coast north of Guadalajara.

What are the three major Huichol symbols?

Although the sale of artwork is a way of survival, Huichol art is deeply symbolic, and nierikas — bead or yarnwork “votive paintings” — are petitions to the gods. Maize, peyote and deer are usually present as well as candles, arrows, serpents, scorpions and the gods’ eyes that point to the four cardinal directions.

Is Nayarit Aztec or Mayan?

The indigenous people of Nayarit are distantly related to the Aztecs. The region of Nayarit was influenced by the Toltec people (AD 900-1200) and the Aztecs (1427-1519), although was never controlled by either.

What is the purpose of Huichol Yarn Painting?

The yarn paintings portray the Huichol belief that people are connected to nature and all living things. The Huichols believe it is their duty to take care of the earth because they depend on it for survival. Nierikas are not purely decorative objects; they are purposeful and very important to the Huichol people.

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What are the Huichol famous for?

The Huichol people of Jalisco, Durango, Zacatecas and Nayarit, Mexico, known in their native language as Wixáritari, are globally recognised for their fantastically intricate, spiritually significant and brilliantly colourful bead and string folk art, which command high prices and even higher respect.

What are the characteristics of Huichol Yarn Painting?

Huichol paintings are made with beeswax spread on wood, then left to warm in the sun. The artist then scratches his design into the wax with a sharpened stick. The lines of the drawing are then filled in by patiently twisting and coiling colored yarns. Modern Huichol artists use glue or spray adhesives.

Who created Huichol art?

Huichol art was first documented in the very late 19th century by Carl Lumholtz. This includes the making of beaded earrings, necklaces, anklets and more.

What language do Huichol speak?

Huichol is a Uto-Aztecan language of central Mexico, spoken by about 20,000 people in the states of Jalisco and Nayarit. Huichol is a musical language with complex morphology (particularly in its long, agglutinative verbs.)

How old is the Huichol tribe?

“This ancient tribe is located deep in the mountains of central Mexico…have lived here for at least 15,000 years according to carbon dating of the ashes from their sacred fireplaces.”

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