The stitch width is how wide each stitch can be made, from a narrow stitch to a wide stitch. The stitch width adjustment gives the machine the ability to go from a straight line stitch to a zigzag stitch. Stitch Width. The stitch length determines how much fabric is fed under the presser foot.
What is the normal stitch width?
What stitch length should I use?
|What is the best stitch for:||Suggested Stitch Length (mm)||Stitches Per Inch|
|Standard Stitch Length||2.5 – 3.0||8 – 10|
|Basting stitch||5.0 – 7.0||4 – 5|
|Stay-stitching||1.5 – 2.0||12 – 8|
|Top-stitching – light/medium weight||3.0 – 3.5||7 – 8|
What is the stitch width on a sewing machine?
Stitch width is a key factor with zigzag and decorative stitches. It is simply the horizontal space (left to right) that a stitch takes up between needle entries in your fabric. When you sew zigzag or decorative stitches, your machine uses both stitch length and stitch width to make magic!
What is a good stitch length?
2.5 – 3mm is the average stitch length range that should be used for medium weight fabrics. 4 – 5mm is the long stitch length range that should be used for basting and topstitching. … The average stitch length for fine fabrics is 2 mm/13 to 20 spi. For heavier fabrics, basting, or topstitching, use 4 to 5 mm/5 to 6 spi.
What is normal stitch length and width?
The average stitch length is 2.5mm. This is the typical setting on newer sewing machines. Older machines usually give you a range of about 4 to 60 which tells you how many stitches per inch; the equivalent of 2.5mm is about 10-12 stitches per inch. The smaller the stitch length number, the smaller the stitch.
What does a straight stitch look like?
A straight stitch is a strong stitch that’s straight with a thread on top (the upper thread) and a thread on the bottom (the bobbin thread), with the threads interlocking at regular intervals. … When a straight stitch is puckering your fabric, it can usually be resolved by lengthening the stitch length.
What sets the width of the zigzag stitch?
You will need to set the length of the stitch on 0.0 so it doesn’t move but rather goes back and forth in the one place. The width will depend on the distance between the holes in the top of the button. Most machines have a special foot to sew buttons with an open toe so the needle does not hit the sides.
What should the tension be for a straight stitch?
The dial settings run from 0 to 9, so 4.5 is generally the ‘default’ position for normal straight-stitch sewing. This should be suitable for most fabrics. If you are doing a zig-zag stitch, or another stitch that has width, then you may find that the bobbin thread is pulled through to the top.
What is the best stitch length for sewing a straight stitch?
Set the machine for straight stitch, with a stitch length of 3 to 3.5mm. Use a SINGER Topstitching Needle, size 90/14 for medium weight fabrics, or a SINGER Topstitching needle, size 100/16 for heavier fabrics. Sew 1/4″ – 3/8″ from the edge of the fabric.
Why are my stitches not straight?
If your thread is pulled tight on the underside and not forming an even stitch then (counter-intuitively) it’s usually the top thread tension that’s wrong. Sometimes very lightweight fabrics such as sheers can get dragged down into the machine so it’s a good idea to use a straight stitch plate.
Why is my zigzag stitch sewing straight?
If the upper thread appears as a single line, the lower thread is incorrectly threaded. Instead of the appropriate tension being applied to the lower thread, it is pulled through the fabric when the upper thread is pulled up.
Why is my zig zag stitch upside down?
Why is My Zig-Zag Stitch Upside Down? The first place to look after checking the tension would be the threading pattern. You may have mistakenly threaded the machine without raising the presser foot all the way to the top and the thread did not fully enter the slots, holes and follow the correct route.
How long can a straight stitch be?
On most machines the straight stitch length can be adjusted from zero (stitching in one place without moving the fabric) to up to 6mm long. When sewing seams, use a straight stitch 2mm to 2.5mm long, depending on the fabric. A shorter stitch length is used on lightweight fabrics that tend to pucker.
What controls the length of the stitch?
Spool holder-a piece of plastic that holds the spool on the pin, use the large size for large spools and the small size for small spools. Stitch-length control- sets the length of the stitch. Stitch-pattern selector-Selects which pattern the machine will sew/straight/zig-zag/decorative.
Why are my sewing stitches gathering?
The thread tension is too tight
Sewn with longer seams when stretched, the thread gathers the fabric, leading to a puckered seam. When re-sewing the part, readjust the thread tension. A high tension may stretch the thread when sewing and cause seam puckering afterwards.