By thread tension, we mean the amount of thread that can pass through the machine to create the stitch. The more thread in the stitch, then the looser the stitch. The less thread, then the tighter the stitch.
How does tension affect sewing?
The tension that controls the thread coming through the needle is too strong, pulling the bobbin thread to the top. The tension that controls the thread coming out of the bobbin is too weak, allowing the needle thread’s tension to take over.
Why is the tension on my sewing machine?
If the bobbin case falls a couple of inches, the tension is correct. If the bobbin case falls several inches, the bobbin tension is too loose. If the bobbin doesn’t fall at all, the bobbin tension is too tight. There is a small screw on the side of the bobbin.
When should I adjust the tension on my sewing machine?
When lower tension is too loose (or upper tension is too tight), knot is visible on right side (left). When upper tension is too loose (or lower tension is too tight), knot is visible on wrong side (right). Tensions can still need adjustment even if they’re balanced.
Why is my thread bunching underneath?
A: Looping on the underside, or back of the fabric, means the top tension is too loose compared to the bobbin tension, so the bobbin thread is pulling too much top thread underneath. By tightening the top tension, the loops will stop, but the added tension may cause breakage, especially with sensitive threads.
What is the tension setting on cotton?
Cotton requires a moderate tension setting, usually between three and four. Always start adjusting your tension settings with your upper tension.
How do you tell if your bobbin tension is off?
The thread should unwind just slightly and the bobbin case should drop an inch or two. If the thread unwinds without resistance and the case slips to the floor, your bobbin tension is too loose. If the bobbin case doesn’t budge, your bobbin tension is too tight.
What tension should I use for stretchy fabric?
For a stretchy fabric, it would be best if you set the upper tension level between 3-4. This adjustment is also a neutral level of tension setting. Step 5: Now, after you have attached the correct needle, stitch type, and tension setting, it is time to test the final stitch on your fabric.
What tension should I use for thin cotton?
Use size 70/10 for really thin cotton like voile, size 80/12 for light to medium weight cotton, and 90/14 for thick cotton like denim.
How do you adjust thick fabric tension?
The thicker the fabric, higher the tension must be to lift the lower thread up to the middle of the layers of fabric. You will usually be alright with a 4 or 5 on medium to medium-heavy fabrics like linen and twill weaves such as drill and denim.